Fragrance Concentration : A Complete Guide to Perfume Types


Fragrances are essential for personal grooming and a way to identify yourself. They can come in many forms and strengths, each offering a different olfactory experience. Oils, alcohol mixtures, and water make up these fragrances, and each one affects how long they last on the skin or intensity level besides cost. Therefore, in this blog, we will explain the spirits of fragrance concentrations and uncover all the outstanding features that make them unique. 

The Primary Function of Alcohol in Fragrance 

One must use a strong, expensive single scent to create a perfume that reeks of authenticity. However, alcohol is added because it helps the fragrance oil concentrations project outwards.

Aromatic compounds have a strong smell but poor diffusion in their undiluted state. Without a vehicle to carry them, you must put your nose directly on the bottle to smell anything! Thus, alcohol is introduced as a base so that when the perfume is applied to the skin and the liquid vehicle evaporates, the concentrated scent becomes lighter. Alcohols are also known for stabilizing volatile oils, used when blending different perfume notes and creating balanced accords.

While most scents use alcohol as a solvent, some use alcohol-free or organic bases for people who are allergic to it. These substitutions give a hypoallergenic answer without sacrificing the experience of the smell.

What are The Different Fragrance Concentrations?

The most common classification of perfumes, categorized by the concentration of scent, includes:

  1. Extrait De Parfum or Parfum
  2. Eau De Parfum
  3. Eau De Toilette
  4. Eau De Cologne
  5. Eau Fraiche

Each category offers a distinct olfactory experience. Now, let’s expand the knowledge of each type and find out what peculiarities help to determine their usage in particular situations.

Extrait De Parfum:

Extracts usually contain 20%-30% of fragrance oil but can be as high as 40%, making them more expensive than other scents. These last much longer than most smelling good options; averages are 8-12 hours, but these can last 24 hours. You should also note that extracts work in such a way that you can smell all three notes distinctly as time progresses.

Due to their potent nature, Extraits require judicious application and are often found in dab bottles rather than atomizers. Their relatively low alcohol content also makes them suitable for sensitive skin types. Yet, their rarity in the market makes them sought-after and often expensive finds, with many perfume houses discontinuing their production.

Eau De parfum (EDP):

Founded in a concentration between 15% and 20%, Eau de Parfum (EDP) ranks among the top concentrations in most perfume collections and is considered by brands to represent luxury sets and editions. With an average longevity of 8 hours, EDPs spotlight the enduring heart and base notes while the initial volatility of the top notes gracefully fades.

Versatile in application, EDPs can be worn on both skin and clothing. Most are available in spray form, though some brands offer them as dab-ons. Renowned for their excellent value proposition, EDPs offer the complete olfactory journey with their higher concentration, ensuring a fragrance that lasts throughout the day and eliminating the need for frequent reapplication.

Elie Saab Elixir is a popular choice for women who prefer EDPs over other fragrances.

Eau De Toilette (EDT):

Originally from 14th-century Hungary, this precursor to colognes derives from an old French term referring to personal grooming and hygiene practices conducted around a table. Initially, an “eau de toilette” signified cleansing water added to bath water or applied post-bathing, but it has since evolved into a fragrance concentration.

With fragrance oil ranging from 5% to 15%, typically around 10%, Eau de toilettes represent the most economical and widely available option. Acting as a diluted version of Eau de parfum, they offer affordability, ubiquity in stores, and longevity, averaging 3 to 4 hours.

Some of our popular EDTs are Rochas L’Homme for men, with cardamom, basil, patchouli, and tonka bean notes, and Azzaro Wanted Girl Tonic for women, with hints of fruity and floral notes.

Eau De Cologne (EDC):

Cologne is a fragrance produced by Farina, Giovanni Maria Farina in 1709. It is named Bols because of the city in which it is associated with being produced, and that city is Cologne. It was intended to be a fragrance that reminded him of Italy. He missed his hometown so much that he decided to make something that would capture the smell of spring in Italy. When you smell this perfume, you will notice it has hints of orange blossom and mountain daffodil, just like how Eau de colognes swiftly gained popularity, retaining its presence in the industry today. They are characterized by a light body and delicate bergamot citrus top notes. 

Most contemporary eau de colognes boast a 3% to 8% fragrance level, which lingers for approximately two hours. Often utilized for a quick refresh, they are applied immediately after bathing and preceding one’s grooming routine. Subsequently, the wearer may apply their primary fragrance, completing their olfactory regimen.

Thierry Mugler Cologne Run Free is a fresh and vibrant cologne fragrance with notes of ginger and akigalawood.

Eau Fraiche:

Although they share similar concentration levels, eau fraiche serves distinct purposes. Eau Fraiche, translating to ‘cool water,’ aligns with the profile of eau de cologne, typically applied post-bathing. While containing alcohol, eau fraiche primarily comprises water with a subtle scent, serving to cleanse and invigorate the skin. 

With personal hygiene advancements, the aftershave’s original function has largely remained the same. Initially employed as an antiseptic to treat shaving cuts, traditional aftershaves featured ingredients like medicinal herbs or balms to soothe the skin. 

Today, many aftershaves incorporate menthol, bay rum, and witch hazel elements. Due to their low fragrance oil concentrations, both aftershaves and eau fraiche offer fleeting fragrances that last no longer than an hour.

Choosing the Right Fragrance Concentration

Several elements go into choosing the right level of concentrations for fragrance – including the intention, your likes, skin type, and the time of year. Here are some tips for selecting the most appropriate one:

For Special Occasions

For casual occasions such as going on a date, attending an event, or going out at night, one might require Perfume or Eau de Parfum to give off a stronger smell. It will last long and can be remembered throughout the night. Choose luxurious and long-lasting perfumes or EDP designed for any special day so you feel different.

Eau de Toilette formulas are suitable for daily wear during work or other informal occasions. They emit a pleasant but not overpowering fragrance, and more importantly, they are economical, as one might need to apply them often. 

For Hot Weather

Eau Fraiche and Eau de Cologne would be more suitable during warmer times, such as those experienced in the summer or hot regions. These light scents are lively and won’t be too overwhelming when exposed to high temperatures. 

For Sensitive Skin

If you have sensitive skin, you should go for Eau Fraiche or Eau de Cologne, as they contain fewer fragrance oils and alcohol that don’t suit sensitive skin.

Personal Preference

To select a scent, you need to consider what you like. Some people like Parfum since it lasts a long time, while others think it is too powerful and choose lighter forms such as EDT or EDC. 

Also Read: What is the Difference Between EDP and EDT


If you want to buy perfume wisely, learn about fragrance concentration levels. The strengths of each level can be seen in its intensity, longevity, and price tag. To pick the right concentration for yourself, consider some things, like when you plan on wearing it (day or night), your skin type (dry or oily), and the season outside now, but don’t forget your opinion, too. Remember to apply your fragrance correctly and explore the different notes to appreciate your chosen scent’s complexity and beauty fully.

At MyPerfumeShop, we are dedicated to providing you with the finest selection of fragrances across all concentration levels. We offer a wide collection of perfumes for everyday wear to special occasions.


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